The Spain climate is remarkable diverse due to the unique characteristics of the territory, the varied geography of Spain and its geographical location. So you can move from places with moderate temperatures around 15 ° C, others who are above 40 ° C, especially in summer, and places where rainfall does not exceed 150 mm, others who recorded more than 2500 mm year.
However, a number of general features which can be summarized in the following points:
Traditionally, we can classify four climates in Spain: oceanic, Mediterranean (with some variations), subtropical and mountain. Each affects a clearly defined geographical area:
The Atlantic climate: This climate extends across the north and northwest of the peninsula from the Pyrenees to Galicia. It is characterized by abundant rainfall, which often exceed 1000 mm, distributed regularly throughout the year. For that reason, the landscape is very green. Temperatures tend to be soft due to the proximity of the sea in winter range from 12 – 15 ° C and in summer around 20-25 ° C.
Currently the Spain climate in Galicia has become much hotter where spring and the summer can reach up to 35-40 ° C. The temperature record was taken in Ourense Galicia, 46 º C (July) (one of the highest in Spain). And in winter temperatures tend to be around 4-15 º C in the coastal cities (ex. Vigo) in the inner cities these temperatures is lower around -5 º C-8 º C in the cities (eg Ourense) and – 10 ° C-5 ° C in the towns and villages.
The Mediterranean climate: This climate is prevalent in Spain, which extends along the entire Mediterranean coast, the interior of the peninsula and the Balearic archipelago. However, there are considerable differences between some areas and others, resulting in three subdivisions:
The typical Mediterranean climate. Covers much of the coast of the same name, some inland areas, Ceuta, Melilla and Balearic Island. between 400 mm and 700 mm annually, and are particularly concentrated in autumn and spring. The winters are short and mild while summers are long and hot. The average annual temperature between 15 ° C and 18 ° C.
Continental Mediterranean climate. Located in the Spanish central mountain chain, the Ebro delta and the delta of the Guadalquivir.
It is characterized by very extreme temperatures, between 25 ° C and -13 ° C. The winters are long and very cold and the summer are very hot. In addition, rainfall is low, around 400 mm, and appear as a storm in the months of July and August.
The dry Mediterranean climate. Appears mainly in the southeastern region, in areas of Murcia, Alicante and Almeria. Rainfall is extremely low, less than 300 mm per year, making these areas very dry areas, and frequent long periods of drought. Temperatures are similar to those of typical Mediterranean, although the summer heat is often more intense.
The subtropical climate: This climate appears only in the Canary Islands due to its proximity to the Tropic and the arid coast of Africa. It is characterized by the presence of trade winds and currents of cold water.
Temperatures are warm throughout the year, between 22º – 28 ºC on average, while rainfall is low, less than 250 mm, and are concentrated in winter. For this reason, there are no rivers in the Canary Islands.
The high mountain climate: is the large mountain ranges like the Pyrenees, the Central System, the Iberian, the mountains and the Cantabrian mountains and Penibética. The winters are very cold, and summers cool. Rainfall is abundant with increasing altitude, and generally in as snow. The slopes of the mountains overlooking the north are colder.